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          Steven and Charles Hartshorn
of Providence

Stephen Hartshorn (1737-1812) and his son Charles Hartshorn (1765-1832) were gravestone carvers in Providence, Rhode Island. They come from a tradition of  stonecutting; Stephen's great grandfather being Lt. John Hartshorn of Essex Co., MA and Norwich, CT, the first of the shist carvers of eastern Connecticut in the early eighteenth century.

Steven Hartshorn
(Photo by John Sterling)

 
Steven Hartshorn
(Photo by John Sterling)
 
 

Stephen's work is quite varied but his most common motif is a portrait-like winged effigy. The face is pear shaped with a wig, often with a knot on the top. He usually added a drilled hole in the center of each pupil. He worked from 1864 to 1888 when he removed to Johnstown, NY. He carved seven gravestones in the Williams Family Cemetery in Roger Williams Park that are dated 1719-1761. These were probably commissioned about 1770 and backdated to the death date.
 
 

Steven Hartshorn
(Photo by John Sterling)

 
 
 
 

Charles was not a prolific as his father and not as skilled a carver. His winged effigies have a round face and a full wig.
 
 
 

Charles Hartshorn
(Photo by John Sterling)
 

For more information on these carvers see "Stonecarvers of the Narragansett Basin: Stephen and Charles Hartshorn of Providence" by Vincent F. Luti in Markers II, a publication of the Association for Gravestone Studies.

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